Tuning the guitar is very important thing. I have given some information about tuning a guitar however in this post, I will be giving precise information about how to tune a guitar. This is a picture about which notes to use to tune the guitar strings.
The above figure might be confusing but I will try to explain it. After a guitar is tuned, then at that time we will get the sounds of e b g d a e. e starting from the bottom e string (thin string of your guitar).
As explained earlier in my previous post, you will need a pitch pipe initially. You have to tune the bottom thin string to a E note. This means you have to blow your pitch pipe's E note and you will have to move the tuning pegs to the left and right side until you get an e note on your string which sounds exactly like your pitch pipe. It will be difficult to do this when you are a novice. The point at this time is not to lose hope and keep on practicing.
Keep one thing in your mind that when you are tuning a guitar, it's always good to loosen your strings and then you can tighten your string to get the correct notes.
Now will get back to the tuning tab above. I have assumed now that all your guitar strings are lose except you have tuned your thinnest e string to the E note. If can't understand this, I would suggest to read this whole post again. The reason I am saying this is because tuning the guitar is very important thing.
Please consider the vertical lines on the above tab as frets. After you have tuned your guitar's thinnest string to E note, you can tune your second string with the help of your first string. You will have to tighten the second string in such a way that you hear the same sound (e note) when you play the note on the fifth fret of your second string. the note on the fifth fret and the open e string should sound exactly the same. You will have to use the tuning peg to get the right note on fifth fret.
The best way to do this is play all the frets on the b string from the first fret to the fret you get the desired e note. When you are playing these notes, you need to alternate between the lower string and fret you are playing and move ahead every fret. So in a tab it will look like this
If you feel that the sound on fifth fret is same as the sound on e string, then you have tuned your guitar's b string.
There may be a time when you reach the sixth or the seventh fret and you hear the same sound on seventh fret. At this time, you need to tighten your tuning peg until you hear the sound on the fifth fret.
The same procedure is used to tune the upper strings except the 3rd string which is the g string.
In case of G string, you will have to compare the fourth fret with the lower b string and for the upper frets you will have to compare fifth frets note with string lower to it using the same procedure that I have mentioned above. If you have any questions you can post a comment. To get a more clear picture, I will be posting a guitar tuning video lesson soon and I hope you like this free guitar lesson.